Hereditary haemochromatosis is a common genetic disorder of iron metabolism. It results in a progressive accumulation of iron in various organs, such as liver, heart and pancreas. Common complications include liver cirrhosis, diabetes, arthritis or cardiomyopathies. Premature death due to liver cancer or organ failure may occur if the condition is left untreated. Early diagnosis is of paramount importance, as it allows for simple and effective treatment (therapeuticbleeding) and a virtually normal life for affected individuals. Classical or type 1 haemochromatosis is caused by mutations in the HFE gene.
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